- WHAT WOMEN SHOULD KNOW BEFORE GOING TO IRAN?
- WHAT WE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE CULTURE?
- NAME THE MOST INTERESTING PLACES TO VISIT IN IRAN:
“Iran is magic!” Iranian people are the most hospitable people in the world. Everyone wants to invite you to their home, to show you around, and to help you in some way. Don’t listen to the media – because of the media I once had a very bad notion about Iran. But now, when I saw the country with my eyes, my opinion totally changed.
Iran is Ancient Persia. There you can find some of the most ancient capitals and cities like Persepolis and the tomb of the mighty ruler Cyrus the Great.
WHAT WOMEN SHOULD KNOW BEFORE GOING TO IRAN?
Iran has opened to tourists in the past year and introduced visa on arrival for 180 countries, which facilitates tourism. There are cheap flights from Istanbul. The visa is for 15 or 30 days – enough to see the most significant places.
Eating the food is safe, even the street food and the water, which is wonderful! There are no illnesses or other hazards or kidnappings of tourists. Local people will care about you and keep you safe.
The local currency
is the Iranian RIAL, but Iranian people use the so-called TOMAN. They simply remove one zero from the RIAL and call the exact same bill as a toman. You should know that your credit cards don’t work in Iran!!! So take with you enough cash – dollars, because it is difficult to send you money from abroad if you need some more.
It is mandatory for women to wear hijab.
For the rest of the clothing, it is not complicated – jeans and blouse are ok but it is best to have leggings and tunic. This way you will look like a local. Do not forget your makeup! Because you will cover your hair, it is better to emphasize the eyes and/or the mouth. Iranian women are very stylish and beautiful. If you don’t want to look as out of place, wear your makeup. The headscarf can be worn very loose, just to say that you wear it. Women usually make a high bun back on top of the head and fasten the scarf to it. In this way, the head front is naked and more enjoyable.
In mosques and temples,
you will be given a mantle to cover yourself before entering. In some of them, if you say that you are a tourist, you will be appointed a free guide. Sometimes these guides are annoying, but you will learn more. I personally dressed up as an Iranian woman and tried to visit the places with the locals rather than with tourist guides.
The hotels in Iran are nice.
There are some international hotel chains, but the most beautiful are the old houses of local merchants along the Silk Road turned into hotels. I recommend you to stay in one of these authentic hotels. (See hotel suggestions further in the destinations section). During my trip, I stayed only with local people (Couch Surfing), as I wanted to experience the local lifestyle and culture.
The Iranians say that many things have changed in the past 20 years:
the remarks about the dress code are rarer now; officially the locals are not allowed to host foreigners, but everyone does; young people go out together and have fun; there are quite modern parents who allow their daughters and sons to choose a partner.
Of course, there are still arranged marriages and marriages between cousins. Iranian women can choose whether to work or care for the home. In both cases, the husband is obliged to provide for the family and many women chose to work just to have money for themselves. Influenced by the West, many young people prefer to live in a “European way” – to share the expenses, men help the women in the housework and let their women not to wear a hijab. Every second Iranian wants to leave Iran because of the restrictions, regardless of that the country is rich in oil, gas and has a good standard of living.
WHAT WE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE CULTURE?
Persian cuisine is delicious.
I loved the most the Kubideh Kebab-a. Overall almost everywhere you can eat kebab on a skewer with tomatoes, wrapped in local bread. Ghormeh Sabzi is a traditional dish that includes beans, green vegetables that they have on hand at the moment and meat. And Iranian rice is indescribably delicious! If you plan to try the local food in the restaurants, read this useful article about Eating out in Iran and useful tips in the Persian language.
Many of the Iranians are not so religious.
The Iranian culture is something between the Turkish and Arabic but with the difference that since Islam was imposed, many of the Iranians are not so religious. In larger cities, people do not pray and do not follow strictly Muslim dogmas. The young people have boyfriends/girlfriends and in the big cities over 40% of women are not virgins before marriage.
In the smaller settlements, it is not the same.
People living in these places are religious, wear black chadors and observe morality. But these people are the most hospitable – for them wandering foreigner is a gift from God, and even there are cases of disputes between the locals who can be first to invite the traveller and take care of him/her.
Each house is a party place.
Every house, even poor, has a lovely lounge/living room. Because the bars and discotheques are banned, people gather together at home for parties. Alcohol is forbidden, but in big cities, many people have it at home and consume it. In general, Iranians are people with European blood and way of thinking, but with a terrible, forcedly imposed on them regime. They have hoped for better, but now they have regrets.
It is customary to eat on the floor
and every establishment has its rugs. I loved this in Iran! After lunch, you can order a hookah and relax on the rug. Some people sleep on mattresses on the floor, but even the mattresses on the beds are pretty hard. Due to the fact that Iranians have large families and cannot afford to pay for a hotel, during the warmer seasons when they travel they camp using 1-2 carpets for a dining and sleeping area.
The marital culture
is also very specific. The husband is obliged to provide a home – to buy it or rent it and the wife must take care of the furnishings and utensils. It is not usual to live with the parents after the marriage, except in a several floors house and the rights of Islamic women are respected. But of course – her obligations are ‘respected’ as well. She has no right to apply for a passport or travel abroad without the permission of her husband. If a woman foreigner marries to a local, she immediately becomes an Iranian citizen and these rules start to apply for her as well. There is the moral police, which monitors clothing in public places.
NAME THE MOST INTERESTING PLACES TO VISIT IN IRAN:
The most famous for a visit are the capital Tehran, the city of Isfahan and Shiraz (Shiraz for me is the most beautiful), but I personally advise you to visit Kashan (on the road to Isfahan) because of the amazing old craftsman’s houses and the hammam with a beautiful roof. You will feel like Aladdin and Jasmin!
Bekhradi’s Historical House is a caravanserai from the 17th century and one of the oldest still functioning in Iran.
Among the most interesting sites in Isfahan there Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Shah Square), Isfahan Music Museum and Vank Cathedral.
Your best choice for a historical home in Isfahan is Manouchehri House. The mansion is 400 years old and after a general restoration was open for the public in 2011. Since then, it has won the People’s Choice Awards of TripAdvisor and the Lonely Planet’s Top Choice Award in 2012.
The most prominent sights are Tabatabai House, Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse and Agha Bozorg Mosque.
PERSEPOLIS & PASARGAD
These ancient cities are part of Iran’s World Heritage List. They were both capitals of the Achaemenid Empire. They have historic and cultural significance, as well as impressive sizes and architecture, making them a must-see sight for the travellers.
The most recognisable of all is the magnificent sight of Nasir al-Mulk Mosque. In terms of historic sights, Shiraz invites you to visit the Qavam House, Eram Garden and Vakil Bazaar.
In Tehran, visit the Golestan Palace, Darband and The National Jewelry Treasury. The city also offers abundance of parks for the ones who love to enjoy the fresh air. The most loved among them are Mellat Park, Laleh Park and Ab-o-Atash Park.
As part of your authentic experience, you can stay at the Fahadan Museum Hotel. It is conveniently located in the heart of the city and is one of the most significant historical buildings.
The most attractive sights in Yazd are Dowlad Abad Garden, Yazd Atashkadeh Temple, Jameh Mosque, Amir Chakhmaq Complex, Zoroastrian Towers of Silence and Yazd Khan Bazaar.
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